Morphological-genetic classification of Ba?ka soil and their geographical distribution

Nikola Milentijevi?, Milana Panteli?

Abstract


Abstract: The paper analyzes the soil classification of Ba?ka based on morphological and genetic criteria. The classification of the pedological cover of Ba?ka includes three orders and ten classes: a) automorphic, b) hydromorphic and c) halomorphic soil order. In the automorphic order of soils, chernozem represents the most dominant type of soil (94.5%), followed by ritska smonica (2.67%) and rigosols (1.26%). Chernozem in Ba?ka was formed on loess plains, loess and alluvial terraces. The hydromorphic soil order is represented by meadow blacks (66.9%), alluvial soils (19.1%) and ridge blacks (13.1%). Meadow bogs in Ba?ka occupy the alluvial plains of the autochthonous rivers of Ba?ka and are characterized by a considerable number of subtypes. In the halomorphic order of soil, the Solon?acs have a dominant share (57.7%), the Solonjeci (32.1%) and the Solodji (10.1% in total). Their area of distribution in Ba?ka includes fossil river and loess terra-races. The favorable structure and distribution of fertile soil types enables the planning of sustainable agricultural production in Ba?ka.

Key words: morphological-genetic criterion, pedological cover, auto-morphic order, chernozem, hydromorphic order, halomorphic order, sustainable agricultural production

© 2022 Serbian Geographical Society, Belgrade, Serbia.

This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Serbia.



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