Trends in frost days in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Tatjana Popov, Slobodan Gnjato, Goran Trbić


The paper analyzes the recent trends in the occurrence of frost days in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Trends during the 1961-2015 periods were determined based on data from fourteen meteorological stations. MAKESENS procedure, which uses the nonparametric Mann-Kendall test and the nonparametric Sen’s method, was applied on time series of annual number of frost days to assess trends magnitude and its statistical significance. Given the results, negative and largely significant trends are present all over Bosnia and Herzegovina. The estimated decreasing trend was in the range of 2.1-6.4 days per decade. The most prominent decrease in annual number of frost days was observed in Banjaluka, Bugojno, Zenica and Bjelašnica area. Further research on the effects of the determined trends in the frost occurrence on plants is necessary particularly due to the observed changes in plant phenology as a result of climate system warming.


Keywords: frost days, trend, climate change, plant phenology, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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